March is the third month of the Gregorian calendar, and derives its name from the Roman God Mars. Mars is the god of war but also of fertile soil, equivalent to the Greek Ares and Tiu or Tiwazi, an old sky god of Europe. He is also equated with the Celtic Teutates and the Norse Tyr. Mars’ original name was Mavors. After Jupiter, he is the chief Roman god, often called Marspater, “Father Mars.” He has three aspects, the martial god Gradivus, the rustic god Silvanus, and the patron of the Roman state Quirinus. The wolf and the woodpecker are his sacred animals.
March was called Mi an Mháárta or am Mart in Ireland, the seed time, and Hrethmonath, “Hertha’s month,” by the Anglo-Saxons, honoring the earth mother Hertha or Nerthus. The Frankish name for March was Lentzinmanoth, “renewal month.” The Asatru call it Lenting.
The first Full Moon of this month is called the Worm or Sap Moon. It shares the names Storm Moon with February and Moon of Winds with April. It may also be referred to as the Moon of the Snowbird, the Crow Moon, and Lenting Moon.
March was the first month of the Roman year until the adoption of the Julian calendar in 46 BCE. For many centuries, the date of the year was not changed until March. Great Britain and the Colonies began the new year on March 25th (Lady Day) until 1752. In other words, March 23, 1750 was the day before March 24, 1751. This preserved the old belief that the year began on Spring Equinox.
In ancient Hellenic civilization, March was called Anthesterion. In old Japanese calendar, the month is called Yayoi (弥生). In Finnish, the month is called maaliskuu, of obscure origin. Historical names for March include the Saxon term Lenctmonat, named for the equinox and eventual lengthening of days and the eventual namesake of Lent. The Saxons also called March Rhed-monat (for their goddess Rhedam); ancient Britons called it hyld-monath (meaning loud or stormy).
March begins (astrologically, non-sidereal) with the sun in the sign of Pisces and ends in the sign of Aries. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Aquarius and ends in the constellation of Pisces.
- Modern Birthstone (officially adopted in 1912): Aquamarine
- Traditional Birthstone (herald back to the 15th century): Bloodstone
- Mystical Birthstone (Tibetan origin): Jade
- Ayurvedic Birthstone (Ayurvedic Indian Medicine): Bloodstone
- Other Birthstone (alternative birthstone): Rock Crystal
Magickal Correspondences for March
- Astrological Signs: Pisces, Aries
- Nature Spirits: Mer-people – Air and Water beings who are connected with spring rains and storms
- Herbs: Broom, High John root, yellow dock, wood betony, Irish moss
- Colors: Pale green, red-violet
- Flowers: :Jonquil, daffodil, violet
- Scents: Honeysuckle, apple blossom
- Stones: Aquamarine, bloodstone
- Trees: Alder, dogwood
- Animals: Cougar, hedgehog, boar
- Birds: Sea crow, sea eagle
- Deities: Artemis, Athena, Astarte, Black Isis, Cybele, Eostre, the Green Goddess, Hecate, the Lord of the Greenwood, Luna, Mars, Minerva, the Morrigan, and Ostara