July is the seventh month of the Gregorian calendar and second month of Summer’s rule. The Romans first named this month Quintillis, but later renamed it Julius after Julius Ceasar, from whence our current month derives its name. Julius Caesar reorganized the previously skewed calendar to what is now called the Julian Calendar. Instituted in 26 BC, this was known as the Year of Confusion because of the irritation switching calendar caused. This was the calendar of the west for the next 1600 years. July is sacred to Apt (or Apet), Athena, Sothis, Spider Woman, and Rosea.
The Irish name for this month was Iúil or an t-Iuchar, the border time. Traditionally during the last two weeks of July and the first two weeks of August, Sirius, the dog star, can be seen in the sky. The Anglo-Saxon name was Aeftera Litha, “after Litha,” or sometimes Maedmonat, “meadow month.” Hewimanoth, “hay month,” was the Frankish name, and the Asatru call it Haymoon.
The first Full Moon is called the Buck Moon. It is also the Blessing or Wort Moon and the Honey Moon, a name it shares with June’s Moon. It is also called the Moon of Claiming, Fallow Moon, Thunder Moon, a name shared with August, and Moon of Blood (due to mosquitoes), a name it share with October.
July begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Cancer and ends in the sign of Leo. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Gemini and ends in the constellation of Cancer.
- Modern Birthstone (officially adopted in 1912): Ruby
- Traditional Birthstone (herald back to the 15th century): Ruby
- Mystical Birthstone (Tibetan origin): Ruby
- Ayurvedic Birthstone (Ayurvedic Indian Medicine): Ruby
- Other Birthstone (alternative birthstone): Carnelian
Magickal Correspondences for July
- Astrological Signs: Cancer, Leo
- Nature Spirits: hobgoblins (small grotesque but friendly brownie-type creatures), faeries of the harvest crops
- Herbs: honeysuckle, agrimony, lemon balm, hyssop
- Colors: silver, blue-gray
- Flowers: lotus, water lily, jasmine, carnation
- Scents: Orris, frankincense
- Stones: pearl, moonstone, white agate
- Trees: oak, acacia, ash
- Animals: crab, turtle, dolphin, whale
- Birds: starling, ibis, swallow
- Deities: Khepera, Athene, Juno Hel, Holda, Cerridwen, Nephthys, Venus