September is the ninth month of the Gregorian calendar and the first month of autumn. Septem (the Latin word meaning seven) was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar. When other months were added to the calendar, the name was never changed for some reason.
Pomona, patroness of fruit and fruit-trees, was tutelary goddess of this month in which autumn begins. September was Meán Fómhair in Ireland or an t-Sultainn, the fat time. All these names refer to the ripening harvest. The September moon is gealach an abachaidh, moon of ripening. Haligmonath, “holy month,” was the month of September among the Anglo-Saxons. The Franks called this month Witumanoth, “wood month,” for this when the majority of wood was gathered for the coming cold months. September is Shedding among the Asatru.
The first Full Moon is called the Fruit or Grain Moon, a name it shares with August. It shares the name Harvest Moon with October and Sturgeon Moon with August. It has been called the Singing, Wine Moon, and the Moon When Deer Paw the Earth.
September begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Virgo and ends in the sign of Libra. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Leo and ends in the constellation of Virgo.
In Venice on the first Sunday of September the regata storica is held, a parade as prelude to the rowing contests known as regattas. Labor Day is observed on the first Monday in September in the United States and Canada (spelled Labour Day). In Japan, Respect for the Aged Day is a national holiday celebrated on the third Monday of September. Autumnal Equinox Day is also a national holiday. In the Netherlands on the second Tuesday in September is known as prinsjesdag. The government presents its annual budget. The queen rides to the parliament in a gilded coach and reads the plans for the coming year to the States-general. In KwaZulu-Natal, king Shaka is commemorated on the last Sunday of September. Somewhat ironically, the German Oktoberfest and the Chinese August Moon festival (more correctly called the Mid-Autumn Festival) both occur in September.
- Modern Birthstone (officially adopted in 1912): Sapphire
- Traditional Birthstone (herald back to the 15th century): Sapphire
- Mystical Birthstone (Tibetan origin): Agate
- Ayurvedic Birthstone (Ayurvedic Indian Medicine): Moonstone
- Other Birthstone (alternative birthstone): Lapis Lazuli, Diamond, and Chrisolite
Magickal Correspondences for September
- Astrological Signs: Virgo, Libra
- Nature Spirits: Trooping faeries
- Herbs: Copal, fennel, rye, wheat, valerian, skullcap
- Colors: Green, yellow-green, yellow
- Flowers: Narcissus, lily, aster, morning glory, golden rod
- Scents: Storax, mastic, gardenia, bergamot
- Stones: Blue sapphire, peridot, olivine, chrysolite, citrine
- Trees: Hazel, larch, bay laurel
- Animals: Snake, jackal
- Birds: Ibis, sparrow
- Deities: Ceres, Ch’ang-O, Demeter, Freyja, Isis, Nephthys, Persephone, Thor, Thoth, and the Goddess in Her aspect of the Mother