October is the tenth month in the current Gregorian calendar and second of autumn’s rule, and derives it’s name from the eighth month of the oldest Roman calendar, Octem. The Romans tried to change it four times and named it after Germanicus, Antonius, Faustina and Hercules. None of them stuck.
October was sacred to the goddess Astraea, daughter of Zeus and Themis. Deireadh Fóómhair or an Damhair, the stag rut, was the Irish name for this month or Gealach a ‘bhruic, moon of the badger. Winterfelleth, “winter is coming,” was the Anglo-Saxon name. The Franks called October Windurmanoth, “vintage month.” Hunting is the Asatru name.
The first Full Moon is called the Hunter’s Moon. This moon is also known as Shedding Moon, Ten Colds Moon, Ancestor Moon or the Moon of the Dead, and the Moon of the Changing Season. It shares the name Blood Moon with July and Harvest Moon with September.
October begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Libra and ends in the sign of Scorpio. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Virgo and ends in the constellation of Libra.
- Modern Birthstone (officially adopted in 1912): Opal and Tourmaline
- Traditional Birthstone (herald back to the 15th century): Tourmaline
- Mystical Birthstone (Tibetan origin): Jasper
- Ayurvedic Birthstone (Ayurvedic Indian Medicine): Opal
- Other Birthstone (alternative birthstone): Pink Tourmaline, Zircon, and Aquamarine
Magickal Correspondences for October
- Astrological Signs: Libra, Scorpio
- Nature Spirits: Frost faeries, plant faeries
- Herbs: Pennyroyal, thyme, catnip, uva ursi, angelica, burdock
- Colors: Dark blue-green
- Flowers: Calendula, marigold, cosmos, rosemary, hops
- Scents: Strawberry, apple blossom, cherry
- Stones: Opal, rose sapphire, tourmaline, beryl, turquoise
- Trees: Yew, cypress, acacia
- Animals: Stag, jackal, elephant, ram, scorpion
- Birds: Heron, crow, robin
- Deities: Astarte, Belili, Cernunnos, Demeter, Hathor, Horned God, Kore, Lakshmi, the Morrigan, Osiris, and the Goddess in Her dark aspect as The Crone